|Sang Keum Lee||
Historical Relations of Early Childhood Education
Between Korea and Japan
education in early childhood
-its structure, present condition and tasks-
Education Movement in Taisho Era and Early Childhood Education
Through Kurahashi's Viewpoint
Development and Evaluation of the Junior College Teacher Education Program
focus on the Pre-Service Level.
||Pulmonary Function and Motor Ability in Infants|
underlying the development of young children's points of view
-With emphasis on siblings and the style of child-rearing -
The Historical Relations of Early Childhood Education
Sang Keum Lee
This study focuses on the influences of Japanese early childhood education
- - its system, and form as well as content and method - - on the development
of Korean early childhood education.
Key Words : kindergarten curriculum. dual system kindergarten and day care.
Peace education in early childhood
The aim of this article is to clarify the meaning and role of peace
education in early childhood. To attain this aim the historical background
and present condition must be made clear.
Key Words : Hiroshima . Peace education in early childhood. Indirect peace education. Direct peace education. Cognitive structure of infants. Positive peace. Negative peace.
Art Education Movement in Taisho Era and Early Childhood Education
With the Taisho Democracy era of the early 1900s, the Art Education Movement gained force. Affected by Art Education, Kodomo no Kuni (Children's Land) , a picture magazine for young children, was started. The chief editor was Sozo Kurahashi . The author's theory is that Kurahashi's viewpoints were relevant in the movement to establish early childhood education. Two conclusions were found : (1) Kurahashi appreciated the movement and approved its educative value. (2) On the other hand, he took a critical attitude toward the tendency to a sentiment-centered focus in the movement .
Key Words : art education movement . Sozo Kurahashi. Kodomo no kuni .
The Development and Evaluation of the Junior College Teacher Education
A close look at Japan's pre-school education programs reveals that the
majority of the pre-school teachers are graduates of junior colleges. The
writer has analyzed the problems resultant from this situation and developed
a means to address them by instituting "The Program to Promote the Understand
of Young Children." This approach focuses on the key elements necessary
to understand young children through the establishment of a five year program
entitled "The Two Year Junior College Pre-Service/Three Year In-Service
Training Program" which allows for an adequate development of skills necessary
for good kindergarten teaching.
Key Words : teacher education. understanding children. simulation. pre-service training. in-service training.
Pulmonary Function and Motor Ability in Infants
As a result of both the natural and man-made changes occuring to the environment, the physical and mental development of infants have gradually become aberrant . It is important to assess these developments in order to recommend remedial procedures to alleviate the negative effects of such changes. These developments can be assessed by numerical value through the use of fitness and strength tests . The motor ability test has a correlation with the results of a pulmonary function test. When correlated, the results of the pulmonary function test are, in fact, more acutely observable. This demonstrates a correlation between infant motor ability and maximum respiratory capacity. The motor ability test also corresponds to the change shown in the one second V .C. ratio. Furthermore, the D group infants showed low motor ability.
Key Words : Pulmonary Function. Maximum Respiratory Capacity. One Second V . C . Ratio. Motor Ability. Infants.
Factors underlying the development of young children's points of view
This study is concerned with factors underlying the development of young
children's "points of view . " In this paper, "points of view" refers not
to perception of objects but persons. Piaget used the word "reciprocity"
to describe the stage at which young children begin to do things in consideration
of others' will. This study is based on consideration of this point of
view. Data were obtained on the number of siblings and the style of child-rearing.
As a result, it is found that children who have siblings exhibit a greaten
tendency toward reciprocity than only children. In addition, having parents
point out the will or feelings of others encourages the tendency toward
Key Words : point of view. reciprocity.