|The Relation between the Entrance Selection of National or Private Elementary Schools and Development of Young Children
―On the Realities and its Effects of Education for Entrance―
|Social Context between Two Children in Integrated Care Classroom with Different Degrees of Disability
|How Children Show their Subjectivity and Kindergarten-teachers Consist of Circumstance in Early Childhood Care and Education
―Concerning Structure of their Choices―
|A Study of "Educational Activities Provided During Extra Curricular Hours" in Preschools: Quality of Care and Manner of Children
|The Developmental Process of Social Function of Language and Play at the Kindergarten
|A Study of Parents Involvement at a Community Nursery in the UK
|An Analysis from the Point of View of Early Childhood Education and Care on A CROSS THE DEATH-Line of Toyohiko Kagawa:
Focus on the Children in a Slum
|Research on Health Management for Young Children
―Children's Body Temperature and its Daily Variational Change at A Day Care Center―
The Relation between the Entrance Selection of National or Private Elementary
Schools and Development of Young Children
Recently, the mass media discussed the problem of the entrance selection
of the nation management, private elementary school in the metropolitan
area sensationally as "an examination hell". Although the education
toward the elementary school entrance examination as an early education
is said to give infants bad harm, we don't know whether such discussion
is true or false.
上田敏丈 原三智子 中坪史典
Social Context between Two Children in Integrated Care Classroom with Different
Degrees of Disability
The number of nursery schools which practice integrated care based on normalization increased during recent years. The purpose of this study is to examine the contexts of "handicapped" derived from the different degree of disability of two children in integrated classrooms. An ethnographic study examined two students at a nursery school in Hiroshima Prefecture. Naruo and Makoto were the subjects of this research. Naruo is a 5 year-old boy with severe development delay. Makoto is 5 year-old and considered a "difficult child."
吉村香 吉岡晶子 柴崎正行
How Children Show their Subjectivity and Kindergarten-teachers Consist of Circumstance in Early Childhood Care and Education
The purpose of study is to examine how children show their identity in play, and how caregiver consist of circumstance through three cases, in their kindergarten. The three cases show as follows,
As a result, it is important that caregiver uses her head applying spatitotemporal axis consisting circumstance and her practice.
A Study of "Educational Activities Provided During Extra Curricular Hours" in Preschools: Quality of Care and Manner of Children
There are educational activities provided during extra curricular hours in preschool. This study examined the quality of care environments and the manner of children in these activities. Researchers observed these activities in 5 preschools to assess the quality of care environments by using "Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale". Questionnaires were also conducted to rate the manner of children in these activities by asking care-givers and parents who were involved in these activities. The results showed that the quality of care environments, such as "space and equipment", "individual day-activities routine", "activity" and "interaction" were all scored higher levels. In addition, the manner of children were considered positive by both care-givers and their parents. For example, they regarded children as enjoying these activities, playing cheerfully, making new friends, and being effected on their development. These findings suggest that educational activities provided during extra curricular hours may influence positively to children's development and that more details about the significance of these activities should be examined in developmental view.
The Developmental Process of Social Function of Language and Play at the Kindergarten
The purpose of this study is to clarify the development process of the social function of language and the progress of play in early childhood. The subjects of this study were (4-year-old class) 24 children and 18(5-year-old class) children. The investigation was held twice in April / May 2000, and April / May 2001 by using the way of time-sampling techniques (how to take the sampling 1/0). The categories Is used to the "social function of language" by Halliday(1973), and "the social participation among pre-school children" by Parten(1932). As a result of this study, 4 points were clarified as follows.
A Study of Parents Involvement at a Community Nursery in the UK
Involving parents in their children's education is a big agenda in many countries. Governments are beginning to recognise that high standards of achievement depend on parental support to a certain extent. In the UK, Labour government made recommendations that there should be a fully integrated approach to early years education and care across the public, private and voluntary sector. Supporting parents and training parents were identified as major tasks for early childhood educators in all settings. Pen Green centre, a community nursery located in a disadvantaged town named Corby in middle England, has a good reputation as a provider of well organized early years education service in the partnership with parents and community. This paper focuses on practice at Pen Green Center and identifies the partnership between early years practitioners and parents to take some implication for family support for bringing up children in Japan.
An Analysis from the Point of View of Early Childhood Education and Care
on A CROSS THE DEATH-Line of Toyohiko Kagawa:
A CROSS THE DEATH-Line has the support of the mass of the people in a
lot of subject, and it is the best seller in a Taisyou period. [1920' s]
This novel is an autobiographical novel, a part of a novel is different,
it's a fictitious name is used, but it's a literary work which is based
on historical facts. Though Toyohiko Kagawa is placed with a standpoint
a social movement Christianity evangelist, there are a small number of
studies from early childhood education and care.
Research on Health Management for Young Children
The relation of body temperature to daily nursery life and movement was examined in a study on 181 children at a day care center, and the importance of body temperature to the life and the health management of the children was discussed.
In conclusion, physical exercise and play are considered to contribute to the activation of the autonomic nerve, which administers a control over child's body temperature.
Last Update: 2002/06/07